Used widely in stainless steel and special steels, leather tanning, surface treatment and pigments.
A material with an uncertain outlook used mostly in flame retardants and lead-acid batteries.
A steel dominated market increasingly exposed to energy transition through its use in batteries.
Used mainly in structural-engineering steels, stainless steel, chemicals, and various alloys.
Lithium-ion batteries are re-shaping a supply chain traditionally driven by stainless steel trends.
Used mostly in steel, but with promising potential in nanocrystalline and lithium-ion applications.
A critical material used mainly in aerospace and solid oxide fuel cells with huge growth potential.
Silicon metal is used in aluminium, silicones, and polysilicon, while ferrosilicon is used in steel.
Used mostly in HSLA steel, but vanadium redox flow batteries offer huge growth potential.